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N.Y. State Citizens Believe in the 2nd Amendment Despite What Governor Cuomo’s “Safe Act” Says

This video evidences the gravity of the 2nd Amendment struggle going on in our country but more specifically in the state of New York.

Constitutionally passionate citizens of  New York State debate with the “public officials” in a Buffalo, New York town hall meeting on the recently passed and wildly ironically named “Safe Act.” From the fire in the eyes and voices of the gun owners of New York, it is clear that they are not going to submit, not going to register themselves or their arms, not going to be disarmed, and not going to give an inch.

As Thomas Jefferson an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States from March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809  said “Does the government fear us? Or do we fear the government? When the people fear the government, tyranny has found victory. The federal government is our servant, not our master!”

This so-called Safe Act is driving that state toward a state of revolution, civil war, or perhaps secession by the more rural areas. It is driving the gun owners toward a direct conflict with any police who dare try to enforce this unconstitutional abomination. The semantics or word play of the Act are anything but safe.

Many audience members made it clear they would not comply. One man said:

“I get a sense, from the audience here, that there’s not allot of enthusiasm for compliance. So, my question would be, are there prisons being opened up for those of us who won’t comply? are there going to be additional courts, to handle those of us who say ‘No, this is an unconstitutional law’?”

Today New York Daily news reported today that Governor Cuomo has quietly been seeking to raise $5 million to finance an array of television ads promoting his agenda — and he is doing it apart from a secret lobbying outfit that sparked controversy in the past.

In recent weeks, Cuomo has approached his traditional donors, public and private sector unions as well as a host of mega-donors and check-writers from the business elite, including uber-rich liberal activists George Soros, Agnes Gund and Bernard Schwartz, sources said.

The governor, sources said, has also told potential donors he is considering ads to defend his new gun regulations, now increasingly under political attack. Many Republicans, the National Rifle Association and a host of upstate county legislatures are bent on repeal of the gun-reform bill, passed with great fanfare in January.

Infowars Alex Jones Gets 1776 with CNN’s Piers Morgan

Monday CNN’s Piers Morgan spoke with Alex Jones of Infowars.com over the heated gun control issue in America. A side

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Host of  Infowars.com, Alex Jones debates the gun control issue with Piers Morgan on CNN this past Monday.

reason that Alex Jones was invited to the Piers Morgan Show was because well over 100,000 signatures were submitted in a petition supporting the deportation of Piers Morgan on the Whitehouse.gov website.

This petition  was made due to the CNN hosts controversial remarks about taking guns away  weeks ago, in in lieu of the tragic Dec. 14, 2012 massacre in Newtown, Conn., that took the lives of 20 schoolchildren and six teachers and administrators. The mass shooting sparked calls for tighter gun control measures, especially for military-style assault weapons like the ones used in Newtown and in the Aurora, Colo., movie theater shooting earlier this year.One has to ask.. Is the  2nd Amendment (right to bear arms) in jeopardy? Ever since then gun shops across U.S. continue ringing off the hook. Demand for firearms, ammunition and bulletproof gear has surged.

Governor of New York,  Andrew Cuomo (D), already discussed the possibility of a buy-back law for his state and made clear it would be a forced buyback. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., said that she and other gun control advocates are considering a law that would create a program to purchase weapons from gun owners, a proposal that could be compulsory. On December 19th, 2012 US President Barack Obama called for “concrete proposals” on gun control by the end of January, saying “words need to lead to action”. In remarks at the White House, Mr Obama said Vice-President Joe Biden would lead an exploration of options.

In a petition launched this past Wednesday on the White House’s “We the People” Web page may increase pressure on President Barack Obama as his administration considers using executive orders to institute nationwide gun-control measures.

“The president is going to act,” Biden said, seated next to Attorney General Eric Holder, before meeting with victims of gun violence and gun-safety groups this Wednesday. Groups represented included Mayors Against Illegal Guns, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, Arizona for Gun Safety and the Campaign to Keep Guns off Campus.

Biden referred to an “executive order, executive action that can be taken,” before noting that “we haven’t decided what that is yet.”

Australia implemented a mandatory buyback program in 1996 following a mass shooting. “The law banned semiautomatic and automatic rifles and shotguns and put in place a mandatory buy-back program for newly banned weapons,” USA Today recalls. “The buyback led to the destruction of 650,000 guns.”

Some liberal activists want the policy imitated here. “That would be like destroying 50 million guns in America today,” the Center for American Progress’ Matt Miller wrote after noting that Australia eliminated 20 percent of the weapons in the country.

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States from March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809. Below are some very fitting  Jeffersonian quotes that reveal the gravity of what is being discussed when the logistics of the 2nd Amendment ever comes into question.

“The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government.” “No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms.” “The beauty of the Second Amendment is that it will not be needed until they try to take it.”

Ron Paul Bids Farwell to Congress in a Powerful Speech For Liberty

Ron Paul

Ron Paul (Photo credit: Gage Skidmore)

This past Wednesday Congressman Ron Paul of Texas gave his farewell speech to Congress with heavy words of what is needed to revitalize our liberties as men and women for freedom. At the same time the stock market has been contracting throughout the month with many financial analysts speculating  a stock market crash, or at the very least a minor market correction. The latter possibility could surpass the 2008 recession market correction where many people lost 30% of their 401k’s and portfolios. With European austerity protests and public disputes over how to handle Greece becoming more volatile,  the threat of tax hikes (fiscal cliff) under the Obama administration on dividends and capital gains further strangling the middle class, the question of whether the Fed is actually doing the U.S. a service with QE3? and the  recent news that 40 states now have filed for secession from the Union has to make you wonder what has brought us to this point? Ron Paul’s farewell speech reveals the state of the crisis we face pretty clearly.

Ron Paul said this in reference to the liberties our founding fathers warned us of losing.

“After over 100 years we face a society quite different from the one that was intended by the Founders.  In many ways their efforts to protect future generations with the Constitution from this danger has failed.  Skeptics, at the time the Constitution was written in 1787, warned us of today’s possible outcome.  The insidious nature of the erosion of our liberties and the reassurance our great abundance gave us, allowed the process to evolve into the dangerous period in which we now live.”

In regards to the ever burgeoning size of the Federal Government he comments:

Today we face a dependency on government largesse for almost every need.  Our liberties are restricted and government operates outside the rule of law, protecting and rewarding those who buy or coerce government into satisfying their demands. Here are a few examples:

  • Undeclared wars are commonplace.
  • The economy is overregulated, overtaxed and grossly distorted by a deeply flawed monetary system.
  • Debt is growing exponentially.
  • The Patriot Act and FISA legislation passed without much debate have resulted in a steady erosion of our 4th Amendment rights.
  • Tragically our government engages in preemptive war, otherwise known as aggression, with no complaints from the American people.
  • The drone warfare we are pursuing worldwide is destined to end badly for us as the hatred builds for innocent lives lost and the international laws flaunted. Once we are financially weakened and militarily challenged, there will be a lot resentment thrown our way.
  • It’s now the law of the land that the military can arrest American citizens, hold them indefinitely, without charges or a trial.
  • Rampant hostility toward free trade is supported by a large number in Washington.
  • Supporters of sanctions, currency manipulation and WTO trade retaliation, call the true free traders “isolationists.”
  • Sanctions are used to punish countries that don’t follow our orders.
  • Bailouts and guarantees for all kinds of misbehavior are routine.
  • Central economic planning through monetary policy, regulations and legislative mandates has been an acceptable policy.

Washington Institute For New East Policy Suggest how to Instigate a War With Iran

The interesting aspect about this discussion by the Washington Institute For New East Policy, a Neocon (Globalist) think-tank, is that its primary

Patrick Clawson describes how to go about prompting a War with Iran at a Washington Institute for New East Policy conference.

purpose is not necessarily to debate the current political elements of the Iranian question. They aren’t contemplating the viability, or morality of a war with Iran. Instead, they are attempting to devise strategies by which the government could convince the American public and the world that a war with Iran is the “right thing to do”, even if it means fabricating their own justification.

Think tanks like this not only construct policy framework, but they also write the subversive talking points used in the mainstream media that manipulate the masses into acceptance of that framework. In the video above, there is no suggestion that Iran would be left alone if the will of the public leans away from conflict. Instead, Patrick Clawson ,who works frequently with the Council On Foreign Relations openly suggests that a Gulf Of Tonkin style event be engineered (he uses the phrase “covert means”) in order to force a war into being.

Differences Between 2012 Presidential Candidates Romney and Obama?

Republican and Democratic presidential candidates Mitt Romney and President Barack Obama are more alike than different in their stances on

many issues like universal health care, gun rights, energy, NDAA, the Patriot Act, Iran, sanctions, economic stimulus. bank and auto bailouts, civil rights, TARP, the Federal Reserve, Ben Bernanke, and campaign donations.

They are both for government mandating healthcare, concur that income taxes should remain the same on those who pay the most and they agree the President may start a war on his own without a declaration of war from Congress like in the current cases of Libya and Syria.  The distinctions, are that one is more inclined toward Labor Unions and the other is more in favor of big business.

Isaac breaches the Levees in Plaquemines Parish

As of 4:55 am CDT 10-12 ft of water was in homes in Plaquemines Parish, WRNO radio has reported at 3:15 am CDT that a levee had been breached in a south parish in

10:00 AM CDT, Wed Aug 29 Isaac was located at 29.6°N 90.7°W. The system is moving slowly Northwest at 6 mph, Min pressure was 972 millibars and Max sustained winds have decreased from 80mph to 75 mph. The flood threat from torrential rains and storm surge will continue through tonight along the North Gulf Coast.

New Orleans as Isaac takes direct aim on southeast Louisiana. Plaquemines Parish has had a levee breach at 3:33 am CDT . The breach was confirmed by Homeland Security at 3:51 am CDT. A breach means the levee is being over-topped.

Isaac is turning out to be a more a significant storm than originally expected as the region observes the 7-year anniversary of Hurricane Katrina.

Power companies were reporting more than 500,000 without power across the southeastern Louisiana and southern Mississippi.

Mayor Landrieu says 70% of New Orleans was without power as of early Wednesday.

The National Weather Service has reported severe wind gusts of 60 to 70 mph since late Tuesday across the area with numerous trees and power lines down. Some isolated locations have reported wind gusts over 100 mph.

Plaquemines Parish President Billy Nungesser said part of the roof of his home on the parish’s west bank had blown off. He described wind-driven rain entering his home as “like standing in a light socket with a fire hose turned on.”

Officials said an 18-mile stretch of levees on the east side of Plaquemines Parish was over topped by storm surge.

Meanwhile, on the Mississippi coast, dozens of roads were closed or impassable due to storm surge flooding and heavy rainfall. Trees and power lines were also reported down across roads.

Highway 90 from Gulfport to Biloxi was reported to be experiencing significant flooding, with up to two feet of water reaching the doors of the Hard Rock Casino early Wednesday.

A significant storm surge of 11 feet was reported at Shell Beach, La, late Tuesday while a surge of 6.9 feet was reported in Waveland, Miss., the NHC reported.

Fire officials reported they were unable to get to a home that burned to the ground amid storm surge flooding in the Bay St. Louis area Tuesday evening.

Isaac came ashore Tuesday night near the mouth of the Mississippi River, then went nearly stationary back out over the coastal waters for several hours before making a second landfall in Grand Isle.

U.S. Government Agencies Arming Up. But Why?

By: Ryan Matthew Dernick

A noticeably rapid armament of the Department of Homeland Security with a recent purchase back in March of 450 million hollow point .40 cal bullets may reveal an anticipation of civil unrest by our law enforcement. Another ammunition order is in the works for the Department of Homeland Security on the order of 175 million .223 cal ammo.

The D.H.S. insists the munitions are strictly for target practice and for training T.S.A. and or I.C.E. agents.

In a story just leaked by the Drudge Report coming on the footsteps of the Department of Homeland Security purchase The National Weather Service put out a solicitation for 46,000 rounds of hollow point bullets. A solicitation which appears on the FedBizOpps website asks for 16,000 rounds of .40 S&W jacketed hollow point (JHP) bullets, noted for their strength, to be delivered to locations in Ellsworth, Maine, and New Bedford, Mass. A further 6,000 rounds of S&W JHP will be sent to Wall, New Jersey, with another 24,000 rounds of the same bullets heading to the weather station in St. Petersburg, Florida.

The solicitation also asks for 500 paper targets to be delivered to the same locations in Maine, Massachusetts and New Jersey. The National Weather Service is is one of six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The solicitation requires a response by August 21.

The N.W.S. is following its federal counterpart the D.H.S. in securing large quantities of ammo. In March, Homeland Security purchased 450 million rounds of .40-caliber hollow point bullets that are designed to expand upon entry and cause maximum organ damage, prompting questions as to why the D.H.S. needed such a large amount of powerful bullets merely for training purposes.

The real reason for theses weapon purchases may be the ensuing economic collapse fears and the fact that gun sales in the United States are above 5 million per month now. In addition to that we have 48 million Americans out of 311,591,917 without work and a national debt of over 15 trillion dollars. To put these numbers into better perspective as a whole, Europe owes €10,592,499,200 – or €10.59 trillion. Massive Government spending that lacks any impressive job creation is a recipe for systemic fiscal insolvency and civil turmoil.

Legislation and a U.N. Gun Ban Treaty with A Constitutional Conflict of Interest

One could say lately in the United States there has been a preponderance of questionable legislation passed such as the “National Defense Authorization Act Addendum 2011″, which now permits the  President of the United States to unlawfully search or detain American citizens without normal due process of law. That means our 4th and 5th Amendment rights in the Bill of Rights are absolutely nullified or non-existent.

On to the next piece of even more ridiculous legislation is “Fast and Furious” that now finds

U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder in Contempt of Congress for withholding pertinent information in The Fast and Furious Scandal

Attorney General Eric Holder under citation in contempt of Congress for not publicly divulging any information on the Fast and Furious Scandal. According to intelligence coming out so far it reveals a outrageous story involving the Department of Justice and the A.T.F. using unlawful ghost buyers  to buy guns at U.S. gun stores bordering Mexico covertly. From there agents casually strolled across the United States Border into Mexico putting thousands of non-traced guns into the very hands of criminals. This action definitely does not make our borders with Mexico more secure with the already previous increases in cartel influenced crimes there.

The worst shooting in U.S. history, the Colorado Mass shooting occurred in an Aurora Multiplex Movie Theater Premier of The Dark Knight Rises early last Friday morning committed by James Holmes 24, killing 12 people and wounding 58, with witnesses describing a scene of claustrophobia, panic and blood. The last thing anyone wants to touch

James Holmes 24 sitting in Arapahoe County District Court, July 23, 2012, in Centennial Colorado seeming medicated or absolutely vacant.

right now politically in America, in an election year is a UN Gun Ban Treaty. Those who appreciate the Constitution and the 2nd Amendment are concerned that the treaty will be used as a vehicle to force gun control measures and bans on the American people in spite of strong congressional and public opposition.  A group of 51 U.S. Senators threatened to oppose the treaty if it failed to protect Americans’ constitutional right to bear arms. In a letter to President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, the senators expressed serious concerns. Gun control is a politically explosive issue in the U.S. . New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg bolsters the fiery gun control debate further just days ago on CNN with Piers Morgan Tonight. Bloomberg tells police nationwide they should go on strike and not protect people until they change the gun laws in congress.

According Yahoo News , White House Press Secretary Jay Carney recently said, “”I think there is an issue about the stalemate in Congress”[on gun laws]. He continued, “And there are things that we can do short of legislation and short of gun laws, as the President said, that can reduce violence in our society and, as he mentioned last night, in our urban centers.”

Since the start, the US has opposed the inclusion of ammunition, China does not want small arms and both Russia and China have sought restrictions on references to humanitarian law.

A draft treaty circulated on Tuesday was severely criticized by rights groups, including Amnesty International and Oxfam, as full of “ambiguities and loopholes”.

Syria, North Korea, Iran, Cuba and Algeria and other countries have sought from the start to thwart the treaty, diplomats and activists say. The treaty must be agreed by a consensus of all 193 countries involved. A vote on the UN Gun Ban Treaty is set between now and sometime next week. Once signed this treaty has the ability to take away an individuals firearms only allowing state actors meaning government, military and or police to use weapons for defense.

Heat, Fires and a Summer for Weather Records to be Broken

The heat gripping the United States in a seemingly never ending fashion eased a bit this past Saturday as a cold front came through along the eastern half of the country .This has given a slight respite from the horrendous triple digit heat there. It’s a marginal silver lining, but at least temp’s will be in the low to mid 90’s in the eastern United States. Temperatures will begin to creep past the 100 degree mark in the Western states in cities like Salt Lake City, Utah by Wednesday in response to a developing high pressure over the Rockies.

The West will start to cook this week. Image Courtesy of The National Weather Service.

Out west high pressure will continue to build in further over the week pushing the jet stream northward into southwestern Canada, allowing the heat to advance north as well. The unbearable conditions from the heat wave have unfortunately claimed 74 lives across the U.S. since it began just two weeks ago.

The hot spell caused highways to buckle in Illinois and Wisconsin, officials said. In Maryland, investigators said heat likely caused rails to kink and led a commuter train to partially derail Friday. No one was injured. Many states in the Midwest have not seen heat like this since the Dust Bowl of 1936. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association 2012 has broken well over 40,000 daily heat  records nationwide. It was the countries hottest July 4th since recording began. Agriculture like corn and soy crops are being heavily damaged from the pressure cooking heat. Severe thunderstorms  blew through over a week ago knocking out power to millions in the eastern part of the U.S. . This has only added insult to injury from the already sweltering summer.

In lakes and rivers across parched areas of the U.S., heat and lower water levels are reducing oxygen levels thereby killing fish populations by the thousands. When water becomes hypoxic or lacks oxygen these large water animal die offs can occur. Wildfires continue to burn across the western United States, including wildfires in Colorado and the Fontenelle Fire in Wyoming.

Fires scorching the mountainside July 2012 in Colorado Springs, Colorado

NASA says the fires have a warming effect on the atmosphere due to the increased emission of aerosols, which are suspended solid or liquid particles in the air. These particles can absorb more radiation from the sun hence causing hotter weather and poorer air quality in the form of smog. Children and the elderly are the most susceptible to these adverse weather events. Make sure to drink plenty of fluids and wear sunscreen when venturing outside.

Senior Scientist in the Climate Analysis Section at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Dr. Kevin Trenberth talked with Judy Woodruff on PBS about the unusual warmth across North America.

Remembering the 4th of July and What it Stood For

By: Ryan Matthew Dernick

Today when you are leisurely out enjoying the fireworks with family or friends remember this day was achieved through the blood sweat and tears by our American forefathers. Their hope was to draft a Declaration of Independence that would free them from the oppressive tyrannical nature of the British Empire. Tyranny now can be epitomized by the deleterious nature of the global banking system and its threat to not just our sovereign-ties but the entire economic freedoms of the world. From austerity measures overseas, to quantitative easing in the United States, the banks got us vaulted. I leave you with The Declaration of Independence July 4,1776 from the the U.S. Government Archives. This is a blueprint for any country or peoples who feel the ugly hand of tyranny upon them.


IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.


The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:

Column 1
Georgia:
Button Gwinnett
Lyman Hall
George Walton

Column 2
North Carolina:
William Hooper
Joseph Hewes
John Penn
South Carolina:
Edward Rutledge
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
Thomas Lynch, Jr.
Arthur Middleton

Column 3
Massachusetts:
John Hancock
Maryland:
Samuel Chase
William Paca
Thomas Stone
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia:
George Wythe
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
Carter Braxton

Column 4
Pennsylvania:
Robert Morris
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Franklin
John Morton
George Clymer
James Smith
George Taylor
James Wilson
George Ross
Delaware:
Caesar Rodney
George Read
Thomas McKean

Column 5
New York:
William Floyd
Philip Livingston
Francis Lewis
Lewis Morris
New Jersey:
Richard Stockton
John Witherspoon
Francis Hopkinson
John Hart
Abraham Clark

Column 6
New Hampshire:
Josiah Bartlett
William Whipple
Massachusetts:
Samuel Adams
John Adams
Robert Treat Paine
Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:
Stephen Hopkins
William Ellery
Connecticut:
Roger Sherman
Samuel Huntington
William Williams
Oliver Wolcott
New Hampshire:
Matthew Thornton